Dan·ube (dăn’yo͞ob)
A river of south-central Europe rising in southwest Germany and flowing about 2,850 km (1,770 mi) southeast through Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, and the Balkan Peninsula to the Black Sea. It has been a major trade route since the Middle Ages.
Dan·u’bi·an adj.
Word History: Across Europe, from Russia to England, there are rivers with names beginning with a d and also containing an n: the Don, the Dnieper, and the Dniester of Russia and Ukraine, the Danube of central Europe, and the six rivers called Don in Britain. All of these names come from the Proto-Indo-European word *dānu-, meaning "river" and derived from the root *dā- "to flow, flowing." In Avestan, the earliest Iranian language we know, dānu- means "river, stream." In modern Ossetic (the language of the Ossets, descendants of the Scythians, an Iranian tribe of the Russian steppes), don means "river, stream." This word appears in the name of the Don River of Russia. Dnieper and Dniester (earlier Danapris and Danastius, respectively) come from Scythian Dānu apara and Dānu nazdya ("the river in the rear" and "the river in front," respectively). The name of the six rivers called Don in Britain comes from the Celtic version of the "river" word, also *dānu-. This Celtic word survives more or less intact in the name of the Danube, which was called Dānuvius by the Romans. The presence of Celtic river names both in central Europe and in Britain attests to the Celts' earlier glory, and recalls a time when Celtic languages were spoken across Europe from the valley of the Danube in the east to Spain and Ireland in the west.

Word Histories. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • danubian — DANUBIÁN, Ă, danubieni, e, adj. Din regiunea Dunării; dunărean. [pr.: bi an] – Din fr. danubien. Trimis de laura tache, 24.10.2002. Sursa: DEX 98  DANUBIÁN adj. v. dunărean. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  danubián …   Dicționar Român

  • Danubian — Da*nu bi*an, a. Pertaining to, or bordering on, the river Danube. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Danubian — adjective see Danube …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Danubian — /dan yooh bee euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a Neolithic culture of the Danube basin. [1925 30; DANUBE + IAN] * * * …   Universalium

  • danubián — adj. m. (sil. bi an), pl. danubiéni (sil. bi eni); f. sg. danubiánã, pl. danubiéne …   Romanian orthography

  • Danubian — Da·nu·bi·an || dæ njuːbjÉ™n adj. pertaining to the Danube; bordering the Danube …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Danubian — [da nju:bɪən] adjective relating to or bordering on the Danube, a river flowing from SW Germany to the Black Sea …   English new terms dictionary

  • danubian — da·nu·bi·an …   English syllables

  • danubian — (ˈ)da|n(y)übēən, dəˈn adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Late Latin Danubius Danube (from Latin Danuvius) + English an 1. : of, relating to, characteristic of, or bordering on the Danube river …   Useful english dictionary

  • Danubian Plain — can be a translation of: the approximate Serbian name (Podunavska nizija literally: Danubian Lowland) for the Serbian part of the Pannonian plain, see Danubian Plain (Serbia) the Serbian (Podunavska nizija) and Hungarian (Dunamenti síkság… …   Wikipedia

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